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Overview of the Nigerian Electricity Sub-sector

With a population of over 180 Million People and currently listed among the “Next Eleven” economies, Nigeria is an economic powerhouse that has continually struggled at providing adequate power for its socio-economic activities.

It is interesting to note that the current National output from the grid stands at just over 4000 MW with generation standing at just over 6000 MW as at June, 2017.

In 2013, a report by the United Nations on the electricity sub sector in Nigeria estimates that the nation will need to generate at least 40,000-60,000 MW to be able to build its industrial base and effectively compete with other fast emerging and threshold economies like India, South Africa, Brazil etc.

In comparison South Africa, Nigeria’s Sub-Saharan neighbors currently have an installed capacity of a little under 40, 000MW of electricity with just a population of 55 Million people clearly indicating its progress since the days of Apartheid and its legitimacy as an economic giant in Africa.  

Power generation in Nigeria have been left in the hands of citizens to meet up the huge deficits from the National Grid. Homes and businesses nationwide are seen to pay high cost to run petrol and fuel powered generators as alternatives to the often times erratic power supply.